Myopia: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, affects many people worldwide. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for myopia in detail.
Myopia is a common eye condition where objects in the distance appear blurry while close objects can be seen clearly. This occurs when the image is formed in front of the retina in the eye.
The primary cause of myopia is the elongation of the eyeball. Genetic predisposition plays a role, but environmental factors such as excessive reading or screen usage can increase the risk.
Symptoms of myopia can include:
- Blurred vision in the distance
- Difficulty reading signs or boards
- Eye fatigue or headaches
The diagnosis of myopia is made by an eye doctor. It is determined through vision tests and eye examinations.
Eyeglasses and Contact Lenses
The most common method to correct myopia is through eyeglasses or contact lenses. They compensate for the improper focusing of light in the eye's lens.
Orthokeratology is a non-surgical option where special contact lenses are worn overnight to reshape the cornea and improve vision.
In some cases, eye surgery such as LASIK may be considered to correct myopia.
Taking Breaks During Near Work
It is advisable to take regular breaks while reading or working on a computer to relieve eye strain.
Spending More Time Outdoors
Studies show that children who spend more time outdoors have a lower risk of developing myopia.
Myopia is a widespread eye problem that can be effectively treated and corrected with various options. The choice of the best method depends on individual circumstances. An eye doctor can recommend the right treatment option to improve vision.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can Myopia be Cured?
No, myopia cannot be cured but can be effectively treated and corrected.
Can Excessive Reading Cause Myopia?
Excessive reading can increase the risk of developing myopia, but it is not the sole cause.
At What Age Does Myopia Occur?
Myopia can occur at any age but often begins in childhood or adolescence.
What Are the Advantages of Contact Lenses Over Eyeglasses?
Contact lenses provide a broader field of vision and do not interfere with activities.
Can Myopia Be Inherited from Parents to Children?
Yes, myopia can be genetically inherited and passed from parents to children.